| Thursday, September 20, 2007
| ERA OF INNOVATION
|The baby boomers shaped the technology that led to the computer generation and the Information Age.|
RCA begins mass production of the Model 630TS television. It remains the standard for nearly a decade.
John Bardeen and Walter Brattain, under the guidance of William Shockley, build the first transistor. Silicon transistors -- and the semiconductor industry -- will follow.
Color television makes its public debut.
The UNIVAC 1, the first commercial computer is released.
IBM introduces the System/360, one of the first general - purpose mainframe computers to be widely used by corporations. Douglas Engelhart builds the first mouse prototype for use with a graphical interface.
Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game.
The Altair 8800, widely regarded as the first personal computer, arrives. IT cost $397 as a kit and $495 assembled. That year, Bill Gates and Paul Allenfound Microsoft.
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak found Apple Computer in a garage.
Sony releases the Walkman, the first portable music device, simulating the market for personal electronics.
The groundwork for the World wide Web is laid with the development of Enquire, a program that links words withing a document to other files.
IBM releases the 5150, the original mass market personal computer, which runs on Microsoft' DOS operating system.
Mitch Kapor founds Lotus. The next year, the company releases Lotus 1-2-3, which becomes the premier spreadsheet program for the IBM PC.
Apple unveils the Macintosh, the first mainstream computer featuring a graphical user interface.
Microsoft introduces Windows 1.0.
Quantum Computer Services becomes America Online (AOL). The dial-up service expands quickly, providing users with e-mail and chat rooms and ultimately becoming the world's largest Internet service provider in its time.
Marc Andreessen and seven others create Mosaic, the first widely used Web browser, which becomes publicly available the following year. It is reworked and released as Netscape Navigator in 1994.
Yahoo launches as a Web portal and quickly becomes the most widely used means of scouring the Web. Amazon debuts as an online bookstore.
The BlackBerry is introduced by Research in Motion.
The BlackRub search engine, named after its method of ranking search results by their backlinks, becomes Google.
Apple releases the iPod, which soon dominates the portable music market.
Facebook is launched, following social networking sites such as Friendstar 92202) and MySpace (2003).
YouTube, which allows users to post videos for public viewing, is founded. In 2006, Google buys it for $1.65 billion.
Apple unveils the iPhone, which marries music and video playback to wireless communication.
Source: NEWSWEEK September 24,2007 issue)
|posted by infraternam meam @ 4:16 PM