| Thursday, September 20, 2007
| ERA OF INNOVATION
|The baby boomers shaped the technology that led to the computer generation and the Information Age.|
RCA begins mass production of the Model 630TS television. It remains the standard for nearly a decade.
John Bardeen and Walter Brattain, under the guidance of William Shockley, build the first transistor. Silicon transistors -- and the semiconductor industry -- will follow.
Color television makes its public debut.
The UNIVAC 1, the first commercial computer is released.
IBM introduces the System/360, one of the first general - purpose mainframe computers to be widely used by corporations. Douglas Engelhart builds the first mouse prototype for use with a graphical interface.
Atari releases Pong, the first commercial video game.
The Altair 8800, widely regarded as the first personal computer, arrives. IT cost $397 as a kit and $495 assembled. That year, Bill Gates and Paul Allenfound Microsoft.
Steve Jobs and Steve Wozniak found Apple Computer in a garage.
Sony releases the Walkman, the first portable music device, simulating the market for personal electronics.
The groundwork for the World wide Web is laid with the development of Enquire, a program that links words withing a document to other files.
IBM releases the 5150, the original mass market personal computer, which runs on Microsoft' DOS operating system.
Mitch Kapor founds Lotus. The next year, the company releases Lotus 1-2-3, which becomes the premier spreadsheet program for the IBM PC.
Apple unveils the Macintosh, the first mainstream computer featuring a graphical user interface.
Microsoft introduces Windows 1.0.
Quantum Computer Services becomes America Online (AOL). The dial-up service expands quickly, providing users with e-mail and chat rooms and ultimately becoming the world's largest Internet service provider in its time.
Marc Andreessen and seven others create Mosaic, the first widely used Web browser, which becomes publicly available the following year. It is reworked and released as Netscape Navigator in 1994.
Yahoo launches as a Web portal and quickly becomes the most widely used means of scouring the Web. Amazon debuts as an online bookstore.
The BlackBerry is introduced by Research in Motion.
The BlackRub search engine, named after its method of ranking search results by their backlinks, becomes Google.
Apple releases the iPod, which soon dominates the portable music market.
Facebook is launched, following social networking sites such as Friendstar 92202) and MySpace (2003).
YouTube, which allows users to post videos for public viewing, is founded. In 2006, Google buys it for $1.65 billion.
Apple unveils the iPhone, which marries music and video playback to wireless communication.
Source: NEWSWEEK September 24,2007 issue)
|posted by infraternam meam @ 4:16 PM
| Tuesday, September 18, 2007
| HOW TO TEACH YOUR OWN CHILDREN TO SAY THANK YOU
Children do not naturally express thanks; they need to learn the importance of doing so and then practice it in daily life until gratitude becomes a part of how they express themselves to others. Consider these ways to help teach children in your life to say thank you. It is a skill they will carry for the rest of their lives.
Thank children for thanking others. You can keep small treats, such as candy to be given in private when you notice that your child has done a good job of thanking others.
Shy children can haven an especially difficult time thanking adults aloud. Have them practice what they will say at home or in the car before going out. Remind them that while you know it's not easy, it is a very important skill to learn.
Children can get overexcited going to a big gathering or other event. Remind them beforehand the importance of having good manners and saying thank you. a quick reminder in the car can help a child remember when the time comes.
Play a Counting Game.
Have children count in their head how many times they were able to thank people for different things and report back in their car after an event. It will aid in their manners and help their memory and counting skills as well.
Model Positive Thank Yous.
Show children thank you notes or gifts you are sending out, or bring children along when you are delivering a thank you. Modeling how you thank your friends and family will help them to thank their friends as well.
After a party or play-date, ask your child if their friends did anything kind or generous for them. Then ask if they remembered to thank their friends. Helping your child to remember kindnesses done to them and thinking through their reactions will help to shape their future reactions. Remember to praise them if they did say thank you to their friends.
Talk to you child about the importance of saying thank you. Ask them questions about how they feel when a friend thanks them for sharing or helping and how they feel when no one thanks them. Children will be more likely to remember to thank others when they can associate their own feelings with their expression.
Expect a Thank You.
Sometimes adults can get so busy in other things that they forgot to listen for a thank you. Discipline yourself to expect a thank you from your children -- don't be in such a rush that you forgot the importance of manners in the home.
Help Create a Special Thank You.
Work with your child to create a special thank you to take to a friend or neighbor who has done something nice for them.
Put Them in Charge of Thank You Cards.
When they are still very young, make sure that children sign and send all their own thank you cards for birthday, Christmas, or other gifts. This will create a great habit for later in life.
(Source: SMART STYLE 101 Ways to Say Thank you)
|posted by infraternam meam @ 5:11 PM